On December 5, 1933, Prohibition ended with the passing of the 21st amendment. Unfortunately Prohibition was the last nail in the coffin for hard cider's early history in the US. After being the drink of choice for early homesteaders and key figures of the 18th / 19th centuries, like John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, cider had a steady decline from the 1890s - Prohibition.
This decline resulted from a few different things:
- Urbanization - no access to land for growing apples
- Newly arrived German immigrants introduced their beer tradition
- Grain for beer would grow in a year versus the 10 - 15 needed for apples
- Coming out of Prohibition, farmers re-planted fields into grains because they'd immediately receive a harvest.
- Beer hit the ground running after Prohibition. Cider was gonezo.
Despite the 80 year gap, cider (round II) is back up and running now though!!